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(See also Rebecca Riots.) A typical 'Swing' letter. The Casual Poor (usually known just as "Casuals") were those to which a workhouse gave temporary accommodation for one or two nights.
Casuals — typically vagrants, tramps, or the "houseless poor" — did not need to be settled in the union.
The badge, in red or blue cloth, consisted of the letter "P" together with the initial letter of the parish, for example "AP" for Ampthill parish.
Pauper's badge for Ampthill parish The local management committee for each Poor Law Union.
They were elected annually by the rate-payers in each parish in a Union.
(See also Poorhouse, Workhouse.) An Act of 1697, amending the Settlement laws, required that anyone receiving poor relief wear a badge on their right shoulder.
They were required to perform a task of work such as stone-breaking or oakum-picking being allowed to leave.
Casuals were housed in a separate area of the workhouse, usually near the entrance, known as the casual ward.
A smaller room in a school used for accommodating infants, or where a lesson was given to a particular class or group of pupils.
A class room typically had three rows of seats around the outside all facing in to the centre, and was often fitted with a gallery containing further seats.